Топик The Royal Family.
At present the British royal family is headed by Queen Elizabeth. When the Queen was born on the 21st of April 1926, her grandfather, King George V, was on the throne and her uncle was his heir. The death of her grandfather and the abdication of her uncle brought her father to the throne as King George VI.
As a child she studied constitutional history and law as well as art and music. In addition she learned to ride and acquired her enthusiasm for horses. As she grew older she began to take part in public life, making her first broadcast at the age of 14.
The marriage of the young Princess Elizabeth to Philip, Duke of Edinburgh took place in November 1947. She came to the throne after her father’s death in 1952 and was crowed in Westminster Abbey in June 1953.
Among Queen Elizabeth’s many duties are the regular visits she makes to foreign countries, and especially those of the Commonwealth, whose interests and welfare are very important to her. The Queen has done much to signify the formalities of the monarchy, including allowing the BBC to make a documentary film about the every day of the royal family. She also started the tradition of the “walkabout”, an informal feature of an otherwise formal royal visit, when she walks among the public crowds and stops to talk to some people.
The annual Christmas broadcast made by the Queen on radio and television has become a traditional and popular feature of the season, and there were widespread celebrations and special programmes of events in 1977 to mark her Silver Jubilee.
The Queen’s husband, Duke of Edinburgh, was born in 1926 and served on the Royal Navy. He takes a great deal of interest in industry, in the achievements of young people (he founded Duke of Edinburgh’s Award Scheme in 1956) and in saving raise wild animals from extinction.
The Queen’s heir is Charles, Princes of Wales, who was born in 1948, married Lady Diana Spencer and has two children, Prince William and Prince Harry. The Prince of Wales is well-known as a keen promoter of British interests.
In recent years he has become outspoken on such controversial topics as modern architecture, violence in films and on television, and standard if English teaching in schools. His wife Diana, Princess of Wales (often called in mass media Princess Di), has won the affection of many people by her modesty, shyness and beauty. She is one of the most popular members of the Royal Family, widely admired for her commitment to helping children throughout the charities of which she is patron and her support for the aged and ill, particularly AIDS suffers.
The Queen’s other children are Princess Anne (born in 1950), Prince Andrew (born in 1960) and Prince Edward (born 1964). Anne, Princess Royal, has acquired a reputation for being arrogant, but in recent years has become quite popular with the general public.
She is wide known for her interest in horses and horses-racing. She is now the president of the Save the Children Fund, Chancellor of the University of London and carries out many public engagements.
Prince Andrew, Duke of York, served as a helicopter pilot in the Royal Navy. In 1986 he married Miss Sarah Ferguson (Fergie, for short) and has two daughters. Prince Edwards is keen on the theatre. This interest began while he was at university. He quitted the Royal Marines, and is now pursuing a carrer with a theatrical company.
The Royal Family
From the reign of King George VI up to September 1990
Dates Relating to Queen Elizabeth II
Marriage: 20 Nov. 1947
Accession to throne: 6 Feb. 1952
Coronation: 2 June 1953
Birthday: 21 April
Official Birthday Celebration: During June
Order of Succession to the Throne:
The prince of Wales
Prince William of Wales
Prince Henry of Wales
The Duke of York
Princess Beatrice of York
Princess Eugenie of York
Anne, Princess Royal
Lady Sarah Armsrtong-Jones
The Queen Mother, the widow of the late King George VI, celebrated her ninety birthday in 1990 and continued to carry out many public engagements every year. The Queen’s only sister, Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, is one of the most unconventional members of the royal family. She is well-known for her charity work, including her support for Barbados, the Girl Guides Association, and St. John Ambulance Brigade.
(from “the Monarchy in Britain”)
Список слов к топику The Royal Family.
heir – наследник
abdication – отречение
enthusiasm – увлечение
duke – герцог
to crown – короновать
monarchy – монархия
signify – выражать
annual – годовой
widespread – распространенный
keen promoter – ярый защитник
mass media – средства массовой информации
to make one’s broadcast – выступать в радиопередаче
commitment – приверженность
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