Топик Differences in the Organization of Education in Britain and America.
Difference in the organization of education in Britain and America leads to different terms. One crucial word, school, is used in overlapping but different ways. A place of education for young children is a school in both varieties. But a public school in Britain is in fact a “private” school; it is a fee-paying school not controlled by the local education authority. The free local authority school in America is a public school. The American grade school has a BE near-equivalent of elementary school.
But whereas an American can say : “Standrod is a pretty good school”, the word school in BE is never to refer to a university or other college of higher education. An American high school student graduates; a British secondary school pupil (never student) leaves school. To graduate is possible only from a university, polytechnic or college of education in British usage; graduating entails taking a degree. British universities have 3 terms; American universities have 2 semesters (or in some recent cases, 4 quarters). A British university student takes 3 years, in the typical case, to get his degree; these are known as the first, second and final years. The American university student typically takes 4 years, known as freshman, sophomore, junior and senior years.
While he is studying, the American majors in a particular subject, but also takes electives; the British student usually takes a main and a subsidiary subjects. The British term honours degree signifies that the student specializes in one main subject, perhaps with one subsidiary. The American student earns credits for successfully completing a number of self-contained courses of study, the credits eventually reaching the total needed for him to receive a degree. There is no counterpart to the credit system in British high education at present.
The British student who has already taken a first degree (usually a B.A. or B.Sc. except in Scottish universities) is a post-graduate; the American equivalent is a graduate. In American universities those who teach are known as the faculty; in Britain they are the staff, possibly dignified as the academic staff.
BE has no equivalent to AE co-ed a girl student, nor is there any BE equivalent if the American sorority of fraternity, i.e. nation-wide university clubs or associations with membership.
(from “British and American English” by P. Strevens)
Список слов к топику Differences in the Organization of Education in Britain and America.
BE – British English
AE – American English
grade school – начальная школа
to take a degree – получать ученую степень
freshman – первокурсник
sophomore – второкурсник
junior – студент
senior year – выпускной курс
to major in a subject – изучать основные предметы
elective (am.) – факультатив
subsidiary subject (eng.) – факультатив
the faculty – состав преподавателей
co-ed – однокурсница
term – четверть, семестр
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